Most loss of mangrove ecosystem is due to anthropogeniccauses: land conversion for intensive aquaculture (fish- and shrimpponds),illegal logging for woods and charcoals, and coastalconstructions for settlements and tourism acktivities. Data indicatethat program areas have been degraded for ...
Most loss of mangrove forest ecosystem in Indonesia is due to
anthropogenic causes: deforestation and land conversion for intensive
aquacultures (fish- and shrimp-ponds), oil palm extension, illegal
logging for woods and charcoals,construction for road and settlements
and tourism activities. ...
The earthquake and tsunami occurred on 26 December 2004 in Aceh resulted
significant loss of human life, houses, local business and public
facilities, and damage of settlements. The World Bank (2005) reported
that 127,000 houses were completely destroyed, leaving approximately
Goal of this program is raising awareness to overcome knowledge barriers
of local community, gain understanding local stakeholders and
demonstrate public interest and concern in participation to species and
forest conservation, green economic development, and climate change